The Road Map To Sustainable Agriculture In Kenya Arid And Semi-Arid Lands: Adaptive Capacity To Climate Change And The Potentials For Investments PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 03 August 2011 04:10

Muya E.M. 1*, S. Obanyi, 1P.M. Radiro, 2H. Bulle, 2M. Ngutu and 2M. Okoti

 

1KARI-Kabete, P.O. Box 14733, Nairobi

2KARI-Marsabit, P.O. Box 147, Marsabit

* Corresponding author :  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract

The characteristic definition of Kenya arid and semi-arid lands as low potential with myriads of constraints is a blanket which masks remarkable potentials and opportunities for sustainable agricultural development. This paper provides the road map to the exploitation of these resources through the analysis of adaptive capacity of the people to climate change in relation to biophysical production potentials. The adaptive capacity has been analyzed as an essential tool for maintaining the socio-ecological resilience of the areas identified for investments in terms of the people will and initiative to adapt to climate change through sustainable land management technologies. The results showed that over 50% of the respondents, not only understood the problems associated with climate change, but also expressed willingness to participate in the formulation and implementation of the sustainable land management technologies. The potentials for investment were found in rainfed, irrigated and severely degraded areas. In rainfed areas, investment in wheat production, through adoption of the recommended technologies, was found to be the most viable enterprise, with maximum yield of 2,711 kg/ha. For irrigated areas, there were ample opportunities for commercialized production of crops and forage on condition that the soil structure degradation, due to high sodium concentration is addressed. In extremely degraded areas, natural occurrence of Acacia and Prosopis, offered the opportunities for environmental conservation and commercialized production of gums and resins as well as Prosopis products.

Key words: Adaptive capacity, productivity, investment
Last Updated on Wednesday, 03 August 2011 04:45
 
   

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