The Effect Of Capacity Building On Camel Milk Quality And Income Among Pastoral Households In Isiolo County, Northern Kenya PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 03 August 2011 08:08
A.A. Otieno1*, IJ Sagala1, O.F. Wayua1, J. Mwangi1, SG Kuria1, D.M. Mwangi2, E. Njuguna2, Mario Y2, & Murage A.W3.

1 KARI Marsabit, P.O. Box 147-60500, Marsabit, Kenya 

2 KARI Headquarters P.O. Box 57811 - 00200, Nairobi, Kenya

3 KARI Naivasha, P.O. Box 25-20117, Naivasha, Kenya

* Corresponding author: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract

Change from nomadism to sedenteral lifestyle continues to put more pressure on demand for non-livestock products and services resulting into need for cash income for pastoral household. This has resulted into commercialization of livestock products especially camel milk. Efforts to mainstream this emerging economy have met many challenges ranging from poor infrastructure to lack of skills in handling of camel milk. In 2010, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute in collaboration with partners supported technical training on camel milk handling and dispensing in Kulamawe. This study aims to evaluate the effect of training on milk quality and income among Kulamawe camel producers and milk collectors. About 50 producers and 61 and collectors were selected using multi stage sampling method and household head interviewed using semi structured questionnaire. Samples of camel milk taken both at the farm gate and at collectors homestead were analyzed for quality using standard method for total bacterial counts and coliforms. T test and chi-square was used to estimate differences in population parameters. Tobit regression model was used to estimate the effect of training on milk quality. Results show that training on camel milk hygiene had a decreasing effect on Total Bacterial count for both collectors (P = 0.010) and producers (P < 0.001). The mean ± Standard Error (SE) selling price per litre for trained producer  milk was KES 39.9 ± 4.1 compared to KES 30.1 ± 14.9 for non-trained (P = 0.017 ). Trained collectors sold milk at higher mean price per litre of KES 42.25 ± 0.84 compared to non-trained (40.56 ± 0.53) though insignificant (P = 0.291). The study therefore confirms that better capacity building for camel keepers can improve camel milk handling and income with producers enjoying a premium for improved handling of camel milk. Ambient temperature (P = 0.009) still remain a challenge at collection point if no chilling facilities are put in place.

Key words; Training, pastoralists, camel milk hygiene, income, Kenya
 
   

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