Evaluating Options For Securing Camel Breeding Stock In Shifting From Pastoral To Peri-Urban Production System In Northern Kenya PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 03 August 2011 07:44
Mumina G.S., 1*, G. Owuor 2 and B.O. Bebe 3

1Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Box 147-60500, Marsabit, Kenya

2 Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness management, Egerton University, Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.

3 Livestock Production Systems Group, Department of Animal Sciences, Egerton

* Corresponding author: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract

The sedentarization process of pastoral communities is contributing to evolution of milk market oriented peri-urban camel systems from predominantly pastoral systems in northern Kenya. One constraint to continuous development of this evolving system is the high loss of potential replacement heifers (20 to 30%) reported in the preweaning stage in pastoral systems where peri-urban camel producers source their breeding stock. This study thus evaluated factors influencing survival of camel heifers to first calving age as systems shift from pastoral to peri-urban marketed oriented production. The data was obtained through herd progeny history techniques from which cases of heifers lost sampled were 729 in pastoral and 1271 peri-urban systems. The estimated heifer losses usingĀ  Tobit model showed that peri-urban system lost 8.57% more heifers than (p value<0.01) in pastoral system, largely attributable to herd health and feeding strategies, herd labour and security. Therefore policy intervention to support peri-urban marketed camel production system needs to target improved feed resources utilization, quality of veterinary treatment against disease incidences taking into account pastoralist indigenous knowledge on camel husbandry and security situation.

Key Words: Evaluating options, camel breeding stock, system
 
   

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